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The Latin word for army camp is castra, castrorum, which itself is only found in the plural. In English, this word comes down to us in the endings of certain towns, like Winchester and Lancaster, which originally began as Roman military camps.
Adjectives add color and pizzaz to a sentence, and you can't have a Cicero without adjectives. This video covers the basic essentials to learning about how adjectives work in Latin, while leaving the specifics about declension for other videos.
The god Jupiter is the chief sky god of Rome, the father of gods and men. He's often connected to his Greek counterpart Zeus, not just because of his job description but also because of the origins of his name. There's a whole lot of father Zeus in Jupiter.
The verb volo, velle, to want, is irregular in its conjugation and often takes an infinitive to complete its meaning. Related to volo are nolo, nolle, to not want, and malo, malle, to prefer, which also take infinitives that complete their meaning. This video covers the conjugation and use of these three verbs.
active voice indicative mood verbs
This is a short video with a two more examples from Caesar's Gallic War of how Latin uses et, atque, and -que to describe differing levels of conjunction. Please check out my earlier video on these conjunctions for a more thorough explanation of this topic: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5qLUkb4Ctw
In Latin, there are three (and more) different ways to express the simple English word "and". Each of these, et, atque, and -que, show different levels of connectiveness.
The relative clause, which is introduced by the pronoun qui, quae, quod (who, which), is likely the most common subordinate clause in all of Latin. It even makes an appearance in the first line of Vergil's Aeneid, and in the first sentence of Caesar's Gallic War. This video gives a introduction to its declension and use in a basic Latin sentence.
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus was the Roman hero of the Second Punic War, defeating Hannibal Barca at the battle of Zama in 202 BC. The Romans connected the name Scipio with words referring to lightning and ruling, since the Scipios were born rulers.
What is the longest word in classical Latin? It's from Aulus Gellius' Attic Nights, an means "an ultra critical person", but with more letters!
The perfect passive participle is the fourth principal part of the Latin verb. This video covers the formation and use of Latin's past participle, with only one bad joke about James Bond's martinis.
adjectives participles passive voice verbs